While many folks can name most of the states in the good ol’ USA, the ten provinces of Canada don’t always come to mind as easily. Canada is home to not only a plethora of maple syrup but also roughly 36 million people, compared to the United States’ over 325 million. While there are considerably fewer Canadians versus Americans, they certainly have tons of beautiful land up north. Learn more about the highlights of each province below. If you plan on visiting Canadaland, check out our extensive Travel Guide to Canada as well!
Home to more than 600 gorgeous lakes, Alberta is a province in Western Canada. With mountains, prairies, forests, and desert badlands, Alberta is perfect for nature-loving travelers. Banff National Park is Canada’s oldest national park and a popular spot for visitors who wish to see the Rocky Mountains. Alberta is also where you’ll find Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park. This park is a UNESCO World Heritage site and home to a stunning pink waterfall that you have to see in person to believe.
Home to Vancouver, Whistler, and the capital of Victoria, British Columbia is Canada’s westernmost province. Come here to enjoy the Pacific coastline, stunning landscapes, and friendly hospitality. BC is filled with art, hiking trails, and scenic routes to drive along. Northern BC is also a great spot to view the Northern Lights. Whether you’re looking for a city escape or a journey to reconnect with nature, BC has it all.
Located in the middle of Canada, Manitoba is home to just over one million folks. Winnipeg is a popular artsy city in this province; in fact, it’s the capital of Manitoba. One of Canada’s three prairie provinces, Manitoba is a wheat-producing region of Canada and is also a major source of petroleum and natural gas.
Located on Canada’s east coast, New Brunswick is home to over 750,000 folks. Many people in this maritime province are French-speaking. The Bay of Fundy is one of the province’s most popular attractions. Home to the highest tidal range in the world, tides in this area can reach as tall as a three-story building! One of the best viewing spots to see this phenomenon is by taking a trip to Hopewell Rocks.
Newfoundland and Labrador
This province consists of two sections; the island of Newfoundland and the mainland, Labrador. The total population of both sections is just over half a million folks. The capital city is St. John’s, known for its colorful row houses downtown. It’s also the oldest and most easterly city in North America!
Located on Canada’s east coast, Nova Scotia is Latin for New Scotland. Halifax is the capital of this province and is home to more pubs per capita than any other city in Canada! This may have to do with the fact that there are six universities in Halifax alone. Nova Scotia also has a large Irish community and boasts a variety of festivals each year, alive with Celtic dance music. The Bay of Fundy is also accessible by way of Nova Scotia.
Home to over 13 million Canadians, Ontario is the most populated province in Canada. Ontario is also where you’ll find the capital of Canada and birthplace of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Ottawa. Located in east-central Canada, Ontario is a popular spot for tourists. From Toronto to Niagra Falls, there is plenty to do in this expansive Canadian province. Lake Ontario is a beautiful spot and happens to be one of the five Great Lakes of North America.
Prince Edward Island
On the other end of the spectrum, Prince Edward Island is Canada’s least populated province. With just under 150,000 folks living here, this island is a Canadian oasis. Known for its red-sand beaches, lighthouses, and farmland, Prince Edward Island offers up some of the most delicious seafood on the east coast. You may also recognize this province if you’ve read the popular novel, Anne of Green Gables.
Parlez-vous Francais? Home to over 8 million people, many of whom speak French, Quebec is Canada’s second-most populated province. Head over to the province’s charming city of Montréal, which is named after Mt. Royal. This east coast province is a great alternative for those who want to experience a bit of European charm without the pricey airfare.
Of course, we saved the most uniquely-named of Canada’s provinces for last. Saskatchewan is not only fun to say, but it’s also one of Canada’s prairie provinces. Situated between Alberta and Manitoba, Saskatchewan is named after the Saskatchewan River. If you’re looking to reconnect with nature and enjoy some peace and quiet, this is the Canadian province for you!
So, there you have it! Now you can expertly name all ten of Canada’s lovely provinces. Each with its distinctive quirks and traits, Canada is home to so much more than maple syrup and cold temperatures. In fact, temperatures in Nova Scotia and British Columbia can reach upwards of 90 degrees! In addition to these ten provinces, Canada also has three distinctive territories: the Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavut. More on those later!